Publication Ethics


As part of our commitment to developing and implementing best practice policies and procedures for publications ethics, JPR editors and reviewers undertake to treat all manuscripts fairly and in confidence and to declare any competing interests in line with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines.

We ask all authors to be aware of and comply with, ICMJE requirements and COPE guidelines, particularly in relation to authorship (including avoiding 'ghost' or 'guest' authorship), plagiarism, simultaneous submission, redundant or duplicate publication, manipulation of statistics, competing or conflicting interests and compliance with policies on research ethics (Declaration of Helsinki, the use of animals in research, randomized controlled trials and clinical trials including registration and systematic reviews and meta-analyses).

As per COPE guidelines, we will investigate all allegations of research or publication misconduct and take steps to correct these. If you have any concerns about possible misconduct please contact the journal directly via our email address, editor@jprjournal;.com. All correspondence should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief and will be treated confidentially.

COPE Guidelines

Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi adapts COPE to meet the high-quality standard of ethics for publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers. As an essential issue, publication ethics needs to be explained clearly to improve the quality of the research worldwide. In this part, we explain the standard for editors, authors, and reviewers. In addition, the publisher doesn’t have the right to interfere with the integrity of the contents and only support to publish in a timely manner.

A. For Editors

  1. Editors should be responsible for every article published in Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi
  2. Editors should help authors to follow the instruction for the author that we adapt from ICMJE.
  3. The editors may communicate with other editors or reviewers in making the final decision.
  4. An editor has to evaluate the manuscript objectively for publication, judging each on its quality without looking to nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, religion, gender, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the authors. He/she should decline his/her assignment when there is a potential for conflict of interest.
  5. Editors need to ensure the document sent to the reviewer does not contain the information of the author, vice versa.
  6. Editors’ decisions should be informed to authors accompanied by reviewers’ comments unless they contain offensive or libelous remarks.
  7. Editors should respect requests from authors that an individual should not review the submission if these are well-reasoned and practicable.
  8. Editors and all staff should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted manuscript.
  9. Editors will be guided by COPE flowcharts if there is a suspected misconduct or disputed authorship.

B. For Reviewers

  1. Reviewers need to comment on ethical questions and possible research and publication misconduct.
  2. Reviewers will do the work in a timely manner and should notify the editor if they can not complete the work.
  3. Reviewers need to keep the confidentiality of the manuscript.
  4. Reviewers should not accept to review the manuscripts in which there is a potential conflict of interest between them and any of the authors.

C. For Authors

  1. Author(s) affirm that the material has not been previously published and that they have not trans­ferred elsewhere any rights to the article.
  2. Author(s) should ensure the originality of the work and they have properly cited others’ work in accordance with the format of the references.
  3. Author(s) should not engage in plagiarism nor self-plagiarism.
  4. ‘Ghost’ publication is strictly prohibited in Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi
  5. Author(s) should ensure that they follow the authorship criteria that are taken from ICMJE that is explained in instruction for the author of Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi
  6. The author(s) haven’t suggested any personal information that may make the identity of the patient recognizable in any form of description part, photograph or pedigree. When the photographs of the patient were essential and indispensable as scientific information, the author(s) have received the consent in written form and have clearly stated it.
  7. In the case of experimenting on humans, the authors have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with ethical standards of Helsinki declaration, domestic and foreign committees that preside over human experi­ment. If any doubts are raised whether the research proceeded in accordance with the declaration, the authors should explain it. In the case of experimenting on animals, the authors have certified that the authors had followed the domestic and foreign guidelines related to the experiment of animals in a laboratory.
  8. Author(s) should give the editor the data and details of the work if there are suspicions of data falsification or fabrication.
  9. Authors of the journal should clarify everything that may cause a conflict of interests such as work, research expenses, consul­tant expenses, and intellectual property on the document of ICMJE form disclosure.

Authorship and Acknowledgements

The journal adheres to the definition of authorship by the ICMJE. The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following four criteria: 

- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 

- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;

- Final approval of the version to be published; and

- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Contributors who do not qualify as authors should be mentioned under ‘Acknowledgements’. If a submission has more than five authors, the inclusion of each name must be justified in the cover letter. Results of multicenter studies may be reported under the name of the organizing group. For more information on contributor roles, please refer to the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) website.

Corresponding authors

Corresponding authors are responsible for the submission meeting all JPR publishing requirements outlined here and in our Author Guidelines. They must ensure that all co-authors are appropriately cited or acknowledged and have seen, and approved, the final version submitted to the journal. If accepted, corresponding authors must acknowledge, in writing, that all authors consent to any changes to authorship or text prior to publication. Following publication, corresponding authors are the point of contact for any queries about the published paper and must resolve any questions or issues that arise promptly, informing all co-authors.

Author Identification

JPR endorses ORCiD and asks all authors to provide their own, and their co-authors', ORCiD upon submission of a manuscript (For existing authors, this information can be added to a user's profile by opening the 'More user information' box indicated by a '+'. If you experience any problems trying to update your ORCiD, please email

On publication, all authors' who have added their ORCiD will have it displayed as a hyperlink on the view article page next to their name.  We encourage authors to read more about ORCID

Patient Consent

JPR endorses the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors statement on the protection of research participants. JPR requires authors to obtain informed consent from patients (or their guardian/next of kin) prior to submitting case reports. You can read the ICMJE policy here


Manuscripts with plagiarized content will not be considered by the journal. If plagiarism is identified, we will follow COPE guidelines.  Authors whose work has been flagged as containing possible plagiarised content by JPR editors or reviewers will have an opportunity to respond to the journal's concerns. If no response is received the journal reserves the right to reject the submission, issue a correction or retraction (if the manuscript has already been published) and contact authors' institutions, funders or regulatory bodies as necessary.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to: 

- copying, either verbatum or close, text from other sources without attribution/citation

- using illustrations (includes images, graphs or diagrams) from other sources without attribution

- significantly reusing your own text from previous publications without attribution or the agreement of the editor (read the COPE guidelines on text recycling)(note, there are exceptions relating to methods)

- using the original structure, argument or idea from another source as a major part of a new publication without attribution (where it is clear this has not been developed by the authors).

At present, the Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi uses Grammarly and Turnitin to check content flagged by editors or reviewers. 

Reproduction of Copyrighted Material

If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the manuscript. It is the author’s responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners. 

Simultaneous Submissions

The journal does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously being considered by other journals. Occasionally, editors of different journals may knowingly agree to jointly publish selected articles because of the need for wide coverage. Examples include publication guidelines and important recommendations on public health. It is the responsibility of authors to ensure that two or more journals do not unknowingly publish the same article.

Redundant or Duplicate Publication

A redundant or duplicate publication occurs when a submission is published that overlaps substantially with one that has already been published in either print or electronic media. An article is reviewed for publication on the assumption that its contents have not been submitted simultaneously to another journal, have not been accepted for publication elsewhere and have not already been published.

The journal will consider manuscripts that have been rejected by another journal, that follow the publication of preliminary findings in the form of an abstract, or that provide supplementary information about a large complex study.

References must be provided for all publications that relate to the manuscript under consideration. In addition, copies of any possible duplicate published material should be submitted with a statement in the cover letter explaining why the manuscript under consideration is not a duplicate publication. This includes articles in press or under consideration by another journal. Any attempt at dual publication will lead to automatic rejection, may prejudice acceptance of future submissions, and maybe highlighted in the journal.


In cases of serious errors that affect the article in a material way (but do not fully invalidate its results) or significantly impair the reader's understanding or evaluation of the article, Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi publishes a correction note that is linked to the published article. The published article will be left unchanged.

Expression of Concern

If the Journal receives a complaint that any contribution to the Journal infringes the copyright or other intellectual property rights or contains material inaccuracies, libelous materials or otherwise unlawful materials, the Journal will investigate the complaint.

The investigation may include a request that the parties involved substantiate their claims. In accordance with the "Retraction Guidelines" by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi will retract a published article if: (1) there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation); (2) the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication); (3) it constitutes plagiarism; (4) it reports unethical research, and; (5) An article is retracted by publishing a retraction notice that is linked to or replaces the retracted article.

Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi will make any effort to clearly identify a retracted article as such. If an investigation is underway that might result in the retraction of an article Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi may choose to alert readers by publishing an expression of concern.

Disclosure Statement

Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest by disclosing at the time of submission any financial arrangements they have with a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the article is under review and will not influence the editorial decision. If the article is accepted for publication, the editor will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is to be communicated to the reader. The conflict of interest form can be found here.